Congratulations on the purchase of your new Didymos woven carrier from Birdies Room.  Before you wash, use or wear your carrier, please inspect your carrier for any flaws.  Once a wrap is washed, used or worn, claims for pulls or broken threads will be void.  Wraps should be inspected before you wash or them. Carefully look over both sides of your wrap, looking for pulls, broken threads, damage and stains. Look at the hems for unraveling or loose threads. Hold the wrap up so that is back lit and look for thread shifting or other weak spots. 

What is a flaw and what is normal?



Nubs & Slubs – Normal!  


Some people use these terms interchangeably to describe what appears as extra yarn in the fabric.  A slub and nub is technically a thickening of the yarn which is not a flaw but actually quite common in woven textiles.  Some fibre blends are more prone to this then others but it can occur in any fibre blend.  This is when the fibre is spun into yarn and there is come variance in thickness or thinness consistency.  Many people love how this gives the fabric a more organic look.  A slub usually looks like a gradual thickening of thread whereas a nub usually looks like a small lump.  A nub can also be created by extra length in the thread during the weaving process.  Sometimes the slub or nub can result from an extra piece of fibre that was woven into the fabric.  This can be caused by fluff that has escaped from the loom or has shed from the cones of yarn as its being woven.  It is not a flaw!  In many cases, these slubs or nubs can be removed by carefully using a needle to slide the extra piece out or they can be trimmed if they are too fluffy or large.  Both Slubs and Nubs regardless if they are attached to the yarn are not, are not flaws or safety issues and are considered normal in the babywearing communities.


Nubs & Slubs


Fluff & Extra Yarn



Pulls – A pull is not a flaw!

Pulls do not affect the integrity or structure of the fabric.  However, excess pulls on a carrier or very large pulls could be considered a seconds quality and is often reduced slightly in price.  Pulls look like small or large loops of thread with both ends attached to the regular weave of the fabric.  They occur when threads in the fabric are pulled away from the normal structure of the weave.   Fabrics that have a loose weave or that have long floats in the pattern are more prone to pulls than flat and densely woven weaves.  However, all carriers made from woven fabric are susceptible to pulls.  Pulls can happen quite easily and are often not even noticed when they happen!  They can occur by simply handling the fabric, storing, using, washing and wearing.  Good news is that they are relatively easy to fix!  If it is a small pull, usually washing will tighten up the weave and the pull disappears.  We suggest to gently stretch the fabric around the pull in a diagonal motion as well as horizontally and vertically.  If the pull is large, then these steps may reduce it but may not eliminate it.  We recommend following the tutorial below so it does not result in a broken thread.  We strongly recommend that you become familiar with this process as part of your general carrier care and maintenance.

Here is a great youtube video which shows repairing a Didymos woven wrap by weaver and babywearer, Marcia Stewart - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WE-a3ru7pEg  And one by a BWI Chapter - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Bys04UQ1830



Broken Thread


A broken thread occurs when a pull is stretched to the maximum tension and breaks.  A broken thread does not compromise the structure and safety of the carrier but we do strongly recommend that it is fixed.  If there are a group of broken threads together, this could affect the safety of the wrap by becoming a hole if not fixed.  Broken threads, just like pulls, can happen very easily and without realizing it simply by handling, using, storing, washing and wearing.  Dry skin, finger nails, brushing up against something that snags a thread of the fabric and even those Velcro fasteners on cloth diapers and baby clothing!  In addition, never use a sharp object to open the package of your new carrier!  Knives and scissors have been known to cut a thread or two! Good news again is that broken threads are relatively easy to fix.  We recommend you follow this tutorial on how to fix broken threads and familiarize yourself with the process as part of the general are and maintenance of your carrier. 

Here is a great youtube video which shows repairing a Didymos woven wrap by weaver and babywearer, Marcia Stewart -https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ij0exQ_31aU.  Broken Thread by a BWI Chapter - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KAtN91BHDns



Thread Shifting


Thread shifting is when a series of threads in the fabric move out of alignment to the regular weave structure creating a gap in the weave or a slightly wrinkled and uneven look in the pattern.  This is most common in fabrics with a loose weave or very thin wraps.  This is not a flaw and is quite common in these types of woven fabrics.  We recommend frequent washing in carriers that are prone to the shifting.  Washing will tighten up the weave.  We also recommend using a needle on damp fabric to carefully align the threads back to their regular positions and then washing as per instructions.  Steam ironing also has been shown to have excellent results with fixing shifted threads. Thread shifting, while not a flaw, should be monitored.  If the shifting is present where stress points are located and not fixed by manually shifting the threads and/or washing, it could potentially lead to weakened areas that could possibly result in a hole in the fabric which is a safety issue.  Therefore, we recommend monitoring these areas.  In addition, we advise that you do not braid or knot your wrap to break it in.  Repeated stress with these breaking in processes can cause thread shifting.  



Weavers Knots – Normal!  Not a flaw! 


If there are excess weaver’s knots, the carrier might be discounted slightly as seconds but realistically, weaver’s knots are inherent to woven fabric.  A piece of yarn is not continuous and never ending.  In the weaving process, long pieces of yarn are tied together in a secure weaver’s knot to allow for a large piece of fabric to be woven.  These knots are sometimes small and sometimes large depending on the thickness/thinness of the yarn.  Usually a wash tighten the knot to hide inside the weave of the fabric, but if it does not, then it is perfectly normal and does not affect the structure or integrity of the fabric.



Skipped Threads


This happens during the weaving process when the loom misses a weft thread intersecting with a warp thread.  If the skip is relatively small or is intentional and part of the pattern (small float) then these are not deemed as flaws.  If there is an excess amount of small skipped threads or the skip is considered large where the thread is floating on the surface of a wrap excessively, then the carrier is usually sold as a seconds quality and a small discount is offered.  If the skipped thread is very large, then it is often treated as a pull or broken thread and recommended to be fixed accordingly.



Stray threads sticking out of the hem


This is not a flaw if the hem is intact.  Sometimes stray threads are caught under the rolled hem.  They can be trimmed or pulled on slightly if loose and they generally will come away without any issue.  Sometimes the bobbin thread has created some extra loops due to the tension being off.  In addition, the middle markers are sewn on separate to the hem but there will be knots at the back to secure to the tag.



Hem is uneven. 


This is not a safety flaw, it is considered a cosmetic flaw and is often offered as a seconds quality carrier with a small discount.  This usually happens in the finishing process when the raw edges of the wrap are rolled under and stitched.  Different fibres can cause the machine to shift while stitching is occurring or it could result from human error.  Usually this is caught in the quality control process after finishing but sometimes this can slip through as it can be hard to detect prior to washing due to the stitching usually being a similar colour to the threads of the fabric.  If you do detect this prior to washing or using, please bring to our attention immediately and refrain from using or washing until repaired. 

If the hem is unravelling where the stitching is coming undone, then this is a flaw and should be fixed.  It does affect the safety of the wrap but this can become a problem if used and washed as fraying may occur and then become more difficult to fix.  Please notify us if this is the problem and we will work with you to get this issue fixed.



Wrinkled, curled or twisted hems


Hems on the tapers are stitched on the diagonal and once washed will lay and present itself in a curled or twisted or wrinkled appearance.  Hems even on the length of the wrap, will sometimes lay the same way due to the nature of the diagonal stretch in the fabric.  This is not a flaw and is completely normal!



Fibres breaking


This is almost always caused by user care.  This type of damage to the fabric can be caused by the fabric getting snagged or caught in something which subsequently causes, severe thread shifting, a tear or a hole in the fabric.  We also see this type of damage with animal fibres such as wool and cashmere where insects eat the fabric.  This is commonly from the larvae from clothes moths and carpet beetles. This type of damage can be unknown at first as the adult moths and beetles do not eat the fabric.  It is the larvae that emerges several weeks after the appearance of the mother insects that actually feed on the fabric.  Therefore, this often goes unknown until it is too late.  In addition, we see this type of damage from not following the washing and drying instructions that has damaged the fibres of the fabric over time.  Powdered detergents, harsh chemicals and overdrying can weaken the fibres over time where they become brittle and eventually break.  Breakage most often occurs at at stress points while executing a carry and at load bearing sections of the fabric in certain carries.  We find that linen is particularly sensitive to overdrying.  Be aware and careful as the above circumstances are not covered under your Didymos warranty.




Another great video for various quirks!  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PRXB6N2iISw